Terrariums are decorative gardens that are grown in saleable glass containers that provide just enough of an opening for the gardener to access their plants. Terrariums can also be grown in open glass containers.

In many ways, a terrarium is like an aquarium, except instead of fish, they are used to house and grow plants.

Because the plants are grown in glass containers, terrariums are often considered self-sustaining small gardens.They are a small, enclosed environment for certain plants. Think of it as a mini-greenhouse. The containers for terrarium gardens are typically transparent, such as glass or plastic.

There are mainly two types of terrariums, closed and open. closed terrariums have a removable lid while the open terrarium does not.


Closed Terrariums

They are indoor gardens in a sealed container. The plants and the soil in the terrarium release water vapour essentially recycling water. The vapour is then collected onto the walls of the vessel and trickles down to the soil. Terrariums are self-nourishing, which is why they require little maintenance, if sealed. Tropical plant varieties, such as mosses, orchids, ferns, and air plants, are generally kept within closed terrarium due to the conditions being similar to the humid and sheltered environment of the tropics.


Ferns terrariums


Ferns- Lots of ferns thrive in moist and humid terrariums, which means they should be in a closed terrarium. With some ferns, they need to be trimmed because of how high that can grow. So, if you have a small terrarium, make sure to get a low growing fern.


Moss Terrariums



Open  terrarium

Open terrarium are better suited to dry plants such as succulents. Not all plants require or are suited to the moist environment of closed terrarium. For plants adapted to dry climates, open, unsealed terrariums are used to keep the air in the terrarium free from excess moisture. Open terrarium also work well for plants that require more direct sunlight, as closed terrarium can trap too much heat potentially killing any plants inside.


Cacti terrariums

cact-cacti Terrarium
Cacti terrariums love dry surroundings, so it’s best that this type of terrarium have a constant air flow.

Carnivorous terrariums


Carnivorous terrariums prefer bright light and easy access to food so its best to have an open mouth glass container. Most carnivorous plants need moisture and humidity. If the plants are well fed and taken care of they could bloom.



Most types of succulents like to grow in a dry habitat, so that the soil doesn’t get to moist. Also, succulents shouldn’t be watered a lot, only once every week or two. Succulents and cacti would pair together well, since they have the same needs. There are many more different plants that can be used in a terrarium. The tricky part to building a good terrarium, is to find plants that have the same survival needs. It may take a lot of plants to die before getting the combinations right.

Orchid Terrariums


There are many species of orchid plants that can be used in an your terrarium. it can be either open or closed. Some of the best and most preferable types of orchid plants for terrariums are

Phalaenopsis or moth orchids
Vanda orchid or Singapore orchid
Slipper orchids
Cattelya orchids


Want Terrarium vases ?



  1. How do you make terrariums?

1.Buy a special terrarium case to hold your garden or make one of your own out of a soda bottle, fish tank, fish bowl or vase.

2.Then fill the bottom of your container with half the amount of the layer of soil you plan to use. You may lay rocks as your first layer in the terrarium, but this up to personal preference.

3.Add any large rocks or pieces of driftwood that you would like to include in your garden.

4.In the soil, make a hole big enough for the roots of the plants to rest.

5.Remove the plant from its container you may need to lightly massage the roots to loosen the roots from the soil.

6.Position the plants in the thin layer of soil and add the second layer of soil around the plants. Press somewhat firmly the new soil level should be about the same level as the soil of the plants original root ball.

7.Get creative and mix up the plants, colours and sizes.

2)  What plants work best in terrariums?

Typically, foliage plants and plants that grow slowly work best avoid fast growing plants. example for slow growth are

1.Ferns Maidenhair, Birds nest, Button ferns

2.Carnivorous plants, Venus fly traps, Pitcher plants, Sundew plants

3.Dwarf palms

4.Airplants, Tillandsia

5.Succulents- cacti, Hawthornia, Echeveria, Crassula, etc.


Ferns, carnivorous plants and air plants are quite difficult to grow without terrariums. So, if you would like these plants in your home, we recommend purchasing or making a terrarium.

3) What are the benefits of terrariums?

1.They help grow plants that would be difficult to grow in dry air.

2.They provide a confined space for a garden and mini garden.

4.You can use artificial light, such as LED or fluorescent very efficiently.

5.Terrariums don’t need to be watered often.

4) How do you care for terrariums?

Terrariums are low maintenance for the most part but we do have some suggestions to keep your terrarium long lasting and healthy.

1.If you choose to grow ferns, trim leaves to prevent them from overgrowing.

2.Make sure to remove yellow and brown leaves from any plants in your terrarium. This is typically a sign of disease or pest.

3.If you have an open terrarium, monitor for pests such as gnats or mealy bugs.

4.If you have closed terrarium, you may want to remove the lid every now and then to let in some fresh air.

5) How to water Terrariums ?

The types of plants found in terrariums tend to be hardy plants that don’t require frequent watering. Also, the greenhouse-like structure of terrariums recycles water instead of evaporating water into the ambient air with normal indoor plants.If closed, you might be watering them (on average) once a month but this will vary depending on a variety of factors. Open terrariums benefit from being watered every 3-6 weeks. Rather than watering on a schedule, check the soil to see if and how much water your plants need.

6) What type of soil works best in terrariums?

Coco coir, peat moss or houseplant soil works with most plants, besides succulents which prefer a well-drained inorganic medium. Some people choose to make their own soil but if you’re short on time, garden store houseplant soil works just fine. For succulents, you’ll need soil with a sand or gravel mixture.

7) Do terrariums make good gifts?

Of course they do! Not only are they low maintenance, but they are a beautiful addition to any home, apartment or business.

8) Do terrariums smell?

In general, no. They actually smell quite nice with an earthy odour. But, if yours happens to smell rotten, its most likely a sign of root rotting or over watering

9) Can you plant trees in terrariums?

Bonsai trees or small junipers might work but that’s about it.

10) What are hanging terrariums?

They are simply terrariums that hang from a structure, like a wall sconce.

11) What is the difference between indoor plants and terrariums?

Indoor plants (houseplants) are typically used in terrariums. However, most plants chosen for terrariums are slow-growing and many are plants that are otherwise difficult to grow without high humidity or high light.

12) Do terrariums need air?

Yes, but plants in airtight, or closed terrariums, recycle air. During the day, sunlight promotes the growth of sugars during the process of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis converts carbon dioxide into oxygen, releasing it into the terrarium.

In a closed terrarium, you may want to remove the lid to let fresh air into the terrarium, but a closed terrarium will not damage the plants.

13) Which kind of containers work best for terrariums?

Glass candy jars, fish tanks with light bulbs, goldfish bowls and coffee pots all work very well as terrarium containers. You might even choose to use a wine bottle, but planting would be difficult due to the narrow opening.

14) Do terrariums need sunlight?

Most need either direct or indirect light but artificial light may also be used. There are three types of light you can provide for your terrarium.

1.Direct sunlight

2.Indirect sunlight

3.Artificial light

It is recommended to use fluorescent or LED bulbs. Avoid incandescent bulbs.

If you choose to place your terrarium in direct sunlight, you may want to remove the lid on a closed terrarium because it might get too hot for the plants with the lid on.

15) Do terrariums need to be airtight?

Terrariums are fine if they are airtight, but we suggest removing the lid periodically (about once a week or even daily) to allow fresh air into your garden.

16) Can terrariums be made of plastic?

Sure! Plastic containers, like those made out of acrylic, work just fine. You can also buy anti-fog plastic containers, which prevent condensation build-up and allows better visibility these are generally more expensive.

17) How long do terrariums last?

Terrariums can last anywhere from several years or even longer, if well maintained.

18) Do terrariums need air?

Yes, but plants in airtight, or closed terrariums, recycle air. During the day, sunlight promotes the growth of sugars during the process of photosynthesis. Photosynthesis converts carbon dioxide into oxygen, releasing it into the terrarium.

In a closed terrarium, you may want to remove the lid to let fresh air into the terrarium, but a closed terrarium will not damage the plants.

19) What supplies do you need to make a terrarium?

You all need the following:

1.A glass or plastic container

2.Rocks, if you choose

3.Moss, if you choose

4.Soil (growing medium)

5.Plants that won’t overgrow (generally miniature or dwarf plants)

6.Spoon for placing soil

7.Long tweezers for putting materials into vessel



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Dressing room Vs closet

In Indian usage, a closet often refers to a toilet. In north American context our dressing room is called closet

In North American usage it is an enclosed space, a cabinet, or a cupboard in a house or building used for general storage or hanging or storing clothes.

A closet In North American context

In current British usage, a wardrobe can also be built-in, and the words “cupboard” or “walk-in-wardrobe” can be used to refer to a closet.

A closet in British context



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Rosewood Vs Teak

Rosewood is more expensive than teak. Rosewood is a precious and expensive wood, and it’s now endangered. The raw material of rosewood is listed under CITES on Appendix I, so international trade in these materials is banned. Finished products made from the timber are not.

Both the woods have different kinds of qualities as they originate from different trees. Rose woods are rough and stronger, but they can be made excellent if worked upon it. Teak is much lighter and stronger. Also Teak is cheaper than rosewood, therefore highly preferred.

Teak for Outdoor Furniture

Teak’s incredible decay resistance is mostly attributable to the wood’s high oil content. While other woods share teak’s high decay resistance, few are as abundant, workable, and lightweight as teak. The low weight of teak is especially important for its use on outdoor furniture.

Rosewood for Indoor Furniture

Rosewood is able to take polish very well. This gives rosewood a more finished look.


Rose Wood


Rosewood refers to the wood of different trees,Rosewood is essentially a type of hardwood. Rosewood is named as such due to the fact that the older trees have a very sweet and rich aroma, which is reminiscent of roses. This is especially true for the Brazilian or Rio rosewood.
furniture made from rosewood can be left unfinished due to the rosewood’s natural color, lightly waxed, or heavily varnished and polished, as rosewood is able to take polish very well. This gives rosewood a more finished look.

Rosewood is best known for its dark brownish and/or reddish hue with darker veining. The rose wood has close, dense grain, which makes it strong and durable. Hence, the wood is used for making furniture, especially cabinets. The use of rosewood to make furniture date back hundreds of years, with many examples of antique rosewood furniture being available for viewing in museums today. Some types of rosewood, such as Honduran rosewood, have an excellent resonance that makes them ideal for musical instruments like guitars, pianos and marimbas. Rosewood is also used to make handles, flooring, billiard cues, chess pieces, etc. In fact, handles made of rosewood resist shrinkage and are long-lasting.

Teak Wood



As a wood, teak has a smooth grain and texture. It has a yellowish brown hue, which may mature overtime to a silvery-grey finish. In fact, teak is famous for its high oil content, high tensile strength and tight grain. Due to the high oil content, teak is known to durable even when it is not treated with oil or varnish. Teak is also resistant to timber termite and other pests. It also has a low shrinkage ratio, which means that the wood can be used in areas with high or fluctuating moisture content.

Teak is often used to make furniture, especially counter tops, as well as indoor flooring, veneer, carving, turnings, and other small wood projects, such as cutting boards. Teak is also commonly used to make doors, window frames, and columns and beams.

Furthermore, because of its high oil content, it is also often used to make outdoor furniture, as the wood’s natural oils make it resistant to water, as well as to rot, fungi and mildew. This has also allowed teak to be used for boat building, boat decks, etc.



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Glass kitchen cabins

Showcase special items

if you wish to get attention on special items on kitchen glass cabinets are good. showcase their collectables such as potteries, cockery etc..

glass cabin

Different look

Laminate and wood material are common choice for majority. So Painted glass-front cabinets make a different look for your kitchen.

painted glass2


painted glass


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Wood Floors – Not for Normal kitchen floors

hardwood wooden flooring


Comfort – kitchen is a high-traffic area and one where you spend a lot of time. wood feels great under bare feet in just about any temperature because it’s not susceptible to extremes of heat or cold.

Softness – If you drop a glass or ceramic bowl on a tile floor it’s basically guaranteed to break. wood, by contrast, is a softer material that can be a little more forgiving.

Damage – More than other types of materials, hardwood is vulnerable to water damage. Considering how many of your kitchen appliances use water you need to be especially cautious about leaks and spills. Prolonged exposure to water can cause the floor boards to warp, which is expensive to fix. But with proper care and maintenance, this does not need to be a concern.

In truth, A spill or puddle that is mopped up quickly will never cause a problem. It’s standing water, or an unresolved leak, that will cause a level of damage that would require a replacement.
Durability – Since wood is soft it’s possible to dent, ding, and scratch it.Water is a hardwood plank’s worst enemy. Water damage will cause a plank to warp and/or split.  tile or concrete are the most water-resistant flooring options, but wood is a close second/third.




wood flooring include  hardwood, softwood,bamboo, engineered wood


higher density than most softwoods. more fire Resistance. typically more expensive than softwood.hardwoods are more likely to be found in high-quality furniture, decks, flooring, and construction that needs to last.

Examples of hardwood trees include alder, balsa, beech, hickory, mahogany, maple, oak, teak, and walnut.


Softwoods have a lower density, poor Fire Resistance.typically less expensive compared to hardwood.About 80% of all timber comes from softwood. Softwoods have a wide range of applications and are found in building components (e.g., windows, doors), furniture, medium-density fiberboard (MDF), paper, Christmas trees, and much more.

Examples of softwood trees are cedar, Douglas fir, juniper, pine, redwood, spruce, and yew.


A bamboo floor is a type of flooring manufactured from the bamboo plant.

Engineered wood

Also called composite wood, man-made wood, or manufactured board, includes a range of derivative wood products which are manufactured by binding or fixing the strands, particles, fibres, or veneers or boards of wood, together with adhesives, or other methods of fixation to form composite materials. These products are engineered to precise design specifications which are tested to meet national or international standards. Engineered wood products are used in a variety of applications, from home construction to commercial buildings to industrial products.

Typically, engineered wood products are made from the same hardwoods and softwoods used to manufacture lumber. Sawmill scraps and other wood waste can be used for engineered wood composed of wood particles or fibers ( MDF or particle board. )
But whole logs are usually used for veneers and for plywood


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mural painting

Kerala mural paintings

mural painting

Kerala mural paintings are the frescos depicting mythology and legends, which are drawn on the walls of temples and churches in South India, principally in Kerala. Ancient temples, churches and palaces in Kerala, South India, display an abounding tradition of mural paintings mostly dating back between the 9th to 12th centuries CE when this form of art enjoyed Royal patronage.
Institute of Mural Painting

The Guruvayur Devaswom’s Institute of Mural Painting was established in the the year 1989. National Diploma is awarded to students on successful completion of training for 5 years. Students are given stipend. At present the center is functioning in the Sathram Canteen Block. It was a fire mishap in the Guruvayur Temple Complex in the year 1970 that actually paved the way for the setting up of this institution. The fire damaged the Sreekovil ( Sanctum Sanctorum) and the paintings on the three walls were also destroyed in the incident. When the walls were to be decorated again with paintings as a part of the renovation, the authorities found that artists who could do such work were few. However those artists who were deputed to do the work like veteran Mural Painters Mammiyur Krishnankutty Nair, Pattambi Krishna Varier, M.K.Sreenivasan and K.K. Varier completed the job satisfactorily. The authorities, art lovers and artists got together to think of ways of preserving the mural paintings. The result was the establishment of the Institute of Mural Painting by the Guruvayur Devaswom.



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